The Universe is home to numerous exotic and beautiful phenomena, some of which can generate almost inconceivable amounts of energy. Supermassive black holes, merging neutron stars, streams of hot gas moving close to the speed of light ... these are but a few of the marvels that generate gamma-ray radiation, the most energetic form of radiation, billions of times more energetic than the type of light visible to our eyes. What is happening to produce this much energy? What happens to the surrounding environment near these phenomena? How will studying these energetic objects add to our understanding of the very nature of the Universe and how it behaves?
The Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope, formerly GLAST, is opening this high-energy world to exploration and helping us answer these questions. With Fermi, astronomers at long last have a superior tool to study how black holes, notorious for pulling matter in, can accelerate jets of gas outward at fantastic speeds. Physicists are able to study subatomic particles at energies far greater than those seen in ground-based particle accelerators. And cosmologists are gaining valuable information about the birth and early evolution of the Universe.
For this unique endeavor, one that brings together the astrophysics and particle physics communities, NASA has teamed up with the U.S. Department of Energy and institutions in France, Germany, Japan, Italy and Sweden. General Dynamics was chosen to build the spacecraft. Fermi was launched June 11, 2008 at 12:05 pm EDT.
T CrB (T Coronae Borealis) is a known recurrent nova with its long-anticipated next explosion expected in early 2024. Because of its proximity (distance ~0.9 kpc), T CrB is expected to be detected brightly as a >100 MeV gamma-ray transient. In consideration of its expected bright outburst in gamma rays, a preliminary daily light curve is publicly available.
Due to system maintenance, the LAT data server will be offline starting around 6:30am EDT on Monday, November 6, and no new GBM data will be added to the archive. Service should be restored by 3pm.
We are pleased to announce that the Large Area Telescope Collaboration has released the third catalog of gamma-ray pulsars (3PC) using as much as 14 years of data. The catalog reports 340 gamma-ray pulsars and candidates, including 294 gamma-ray pulsars found in the LAT data; 33 millisecond pulsars (MSPs) discovered in deep radio searches of LAT sources; and a dozen optical and/or X-ray binary systems co-located with LAT sources that likely harbor gamma-ray MSPs. The electronic catalog version provides gamma-ray pulsar ephemerides, properties and fit results to guide and be compared with modeling results. An all-sky gamma-ray sensitivity map is provided for population synthesis studies. Photon data files are provided for the gamma-ray pulsars that include phase and model weights. The 3PC Catalog data products are available online, where you can find individual summary pages for the gamma-ray pulsars. The construction and details of the catalog are described in the 3PC paper. You can also find the 3PC pulsars as an overlay option for the Fermi LAT Light Curve Repository (LCR). Scroll down to "Data Overlays" at the left and slide the 3PC button to "on". The 3PC will now appear as a tab under "Catalog Sources". Clicking on one of the Source IDs in the table will take you to the individual pulsar summary page.